10 PROBLEM-SOLVING ACTIVITIES FOR PRESCHOOLERS

23 November 2023

BY: admin_cleverly

Math Problem-Solving Activities for Preschoolers

In preschool, teaching children problem-solving skills is incredibly important. It is like giving them tools to think, make decisions, and handle things on their own. These skills are not just crucial for academic success, but also prepare them for life beyond the classroom.

That is why we at Matrix Math are bringing you ten engaging activities that mix problem-solving with maths, transforming learning numbers into a cool adventure. When children figure things out by themselves, it can make learning fun, and maths begins to feel like second nature.

What is the importance of problem-solving skills in early childhood?

Problem-solving skills involve the ability to identify challenges, analyse situations, and develop effective solutions. These skills are an essential part of early childhood development, playing a pivotal role in shaping a child’s cognitive, emotional, and social capacities.

10 Fun math activities for preschoolers | Matrix Math

From the children’s perspective, engaging in problem-solving activities offers numerous advantages, as highlighted in a 2018 study by Palmér and Bommel. Most notably, they find these activities fun and easy, even when encountering difficulties.

The importance of problem-solving activities for preschoolers include:

Cognitive development

Problem-solving activities stimulate cognitive development by engaging a child’s thinking processes. They encourage children to analyse, reason, and develop logical solutions, promoting the growth of their intellectual capabilities.

Creativity and innovation

One of the best ways to encourage children to think outside the box is through problem-solving activities. The process of generating and testing solutions fosters an environment where innovative thinking is not only valued but actively cultivated.

Critical thinking skills

Problem-solving fosters critical thinking, helping children assess situations, make informed decisions, and consider alternative solutions. These skills are foundational for success in academics and life.

Decision-making skills

Through problem-solving tasks, children will learn to make decisions, weigh options, and understand the consequences of their choices. These early experiences contribute to the development of responsible decision-making skills.

Emotional resilience

Successfully navigating challenges builds emotional resilience. Children learn to manage frustration, setbacks, and stress, cultivating a positive attitude towards difficulties as opportunities for growth rather than insurmountable obstacles.

Social skills

Problem-solving often involves collaboration and communication, fostering essential social skills. Working with peers to overcome challenges promotes teamwork, effective communication, and an appreciation for diverse perspectives.

What are the benefits of learning maths through problem-solving activities?

The integration of maths learning into problem-solving activities provides several benefits:

Conceptual understanding

Problem-solving makes abstract mathematical concepts more tangible for preschoolers. By actively interacting with objects and scenarios, they gain a concrete understanding of basic mathematical principles, providing a practical basis for further learning.

Early maths fluency

Through playful problem-solving, preschoolers develop an early fluency in maths. This enjoyable learning experience fosters confidence in dealing with mathematical challenges, contributing to a positive attitude towards learning and future maths-related activities.

Logical reasoning

Maths problem-solving activities cultivate logical thinking in preschoolers, helping them understand sequences, relationships, and the step-by-step processes involved in finding solutions. This early exposure sets them up for better logical reasoning later in life.

Numeracy skills

Engaging in problem-solving activities involving numbers promotes the development of fundamental numeracy skills. Preschoolers learn to count, sort, and recognise numerical patterns, establishing a strong numerical foundation for future mathematical learning.

10 problem-solving activities for preschoolers


Parents and educators can introduce these simple, fun activities that promote problem-solving skills in young children:

Activity 1: Shape sorting challenge

Preschooler fun math activity : Shape sorting challenge | Matrix Math

  1. Begin by introducing various shapes (circle, square, triangle, rectangle) and their names.
  2. Scatter objects or cards with different shapes in a play area.
  3. Provide labelled sorting containers or bins for each shape.
  4. Instruct preschoolers to pick up an object, identify its shape, and place it in the corresponding bin.
  5. Encourage discussions about the shapes and celebrate successful sorting.


Ensure shapes are large enough for children’s safety and use bright, engaging colours to capture their attention.

Activity 2: Counting everyday objects

  1. Engage children in a fun counting adventure by observing everyday objects in their surroundings, such as toys, books, or fruit.
  2. Begin with small numbers, limiting the count to no more than five initially.
  3. Guide the children in counting each set of objects, emphasising numerical skills in real-life situations.
  4. Gradually increase the challenge by adding a few more objects as they become ready for additional counting challenges.
  5. Make the counting experience interactive and enjoyable, connecting mathematical concepts to their daily surroundings.

Adapt the counting adventure based on the child’s developmental stage and interests, making it a personalised and engaging experience.

Activity 3: Pattern recognition game

  1. Provide a set of objects or pictures with repeating patterns.
  2. Introduce the concept of patterns and demonstrate a simple example.
  3. In the game, preschoolers take turns recognising and extending the patterns.
  4. Encourage creativity by allowing them to create their patterns.
  5. Foster a collaborative environment by discussing and celebrating the patterns they identify.

Start with straightforward patterns and progress to more complex ones as the preschoolers grasp the concept.

Activity 4: Building block structures

Buiding block structure is a fun math activity for preschooler | Matrix Math

  1. Supply a variety of building blocks in different shapes and sizes.
  2. Encourage preschoolers to work individually or in groups to create structures.
  3. Pose challenges such as building the tallest tower or constructing a bridge.
  4. Promote problem-solving by asking questions like, “How can we make it more stable?”
  5. Facilitate a sharing session where they discuss their creations.

Choose blocks that are safe for young children and large enough to handle. Emphasise creativity over complexity in the beginning.

Activity 5: Measurement exploration

  1. Provide non-standard measurement tools like building blocks or hands.
  2. Ask preschoolers to explore and measure different objects in the environment.
  3. Discuss concepts of longer, shorter, taller, and compare measurements.
  4. Foster creativity by allowing them to choose their measurement units.
  5. Conclude with a group discussion on their discoveries and observations.

Ensure measuring tools are safe for preschoolers, and use everyday objects that are familiar and interesting to them.

Activity 6: Number hunt

  1. Set up a scavenger hunt with various objects labelled with specific numbers.
  2. Instruct preschoolers to find and count objects corresponding to the given numbers.
  3. Encourage collaboration and communication during the hunt.
  4. Celebrate their success by discussing the objects they found.
  5. Reinforce number recognition and counting skills through the activity.

Choose numbers that align with preschoolers’ counting abilities, and use familiar objects for a more engaging hunt.

Activity 7: Money sorting and counting

Money sorting and counting for preschooler | Matrix Math

  1. Introduce coins of different value.
  2. Provide sorting containers labelled with each coin value.
  3. Instruct preschoolers to sort and count the coins into their respective containers.
  4. Facilitate discussions on the values of different coins.
  5. Reinforce basic money concepts through engaging conversations.

Use larger coins for safety and engagement. Emphasise the value and purpose of each coin in simple terms.

Activity 8: Puzzle solving

  1. Offer age-appropriate puzzles with varying levels of difficulty.
  2. Guide preschoolers through the process of solving puzzles.
  3. Encourage critical thinking by asking questions like, “How did you decide where each piece goes?”
  4. Discuss spatial awareness as they manipulate puzzle pieces.
  5. Celebrate their achievements and problem-solving strategies.

Choose puzzles with large, sturdy pieces suitable for young hands. Start with simpler puzzles and progress to more complex ones.

Activity 9: Maths storytelling

  1. Provide materials for creating simple stories incorporating numbers and basic operations.
  2. Encourage preschoolers to express their creativity through storytelling.
  3. Discuss their stories, emphasising numerical concepts.
  4. Foster collaboration by allowing them to share their stories with peers.
  5. Reinforce maths concepts through storytelling discussions.

Start with basic numerical concepts and gradually introduce more complex operations as preschoolers become comfortable.

Activity 10: Cooking and measuring

10 Problem-Solving Activities for Preschoolers | Matrix Math

  1. Engage preschoolers in a simple cooking activity with measured ingredients.
  2. Discuss the concept of measurements using tools like cups and spoons.
  3. Guide them in following instructions and measuring quantities accurately.
  4. Include sensory exploration as they engage in the cooking process.
  5. Conclude with a discussion on measurements and the importance of following instructions in cooking.

Vary the recipes to include different measurements and quantities, providing diverse learning opportunities. Encourage children to follow instructions independently as they progress.

Let’s make learning maths fun!

And there you have it, ten fun problem-solving activities that not only enhance the learning experience but also incorporate multiple maths skills! Parents and educators are encouraged to integrate these engaging exercises into daily routines, fostering both cognitive growth and a love for maths.

Contact us today to explore how our specialised maths tutoring can help build the problem-solving foundation for your child.

At Matrix Math, we incorporate spatial reasoning elements into our classroom learning to help our students understand the concepts being taught and to give them the tenacity to try and try again if at first they don’t succeed.